Industrial Disputes act 1947
THE INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE ACT 1947
The industrial dispute strikes and look-outs were only very common occurrence in Indians till 1914 during the war of 1914-1918 the strike came to be regarded as a weapon industrial warfare. During the war the cost of living went on rising. but the wages did not keep pace with it. This gave rise to series pain among industrial workers and led to a series of strike notably in Mumbai textile industries in addition to low wages there many other causes which were partly responsible for the outbreak of strike during that period the more important of these were long hours of work had working condition, insanitary housing condition absence of any provision for compensation for injuries sustained during the course of employment absence of the right to form union till treatment of working official etc.
The important provision of the industrial dispute act of 1947 are.
- If any industrial dispute exists or is planned or sensed the appropriate government may by order in writing refer the dispute to a dispute to a board for promoting a settlement or refer to the court of enquiry and to a tribunal arbitration.
- When either or both of the parties apply to the government to refer the dispute to a board court or tribunal the person applying should represent the majority of each part.
- If a dispute has been referred to a board or a tribunal the government may prohibit the continuance of any strike or lockout in connection with such a dispute
- An award declared by the government shall come into operation for a period of one war.
- A settlement arrived at in the course of conciliation proceedings under the act of an award declared the government shall be binding on all the parties of the dispute for 6 months.
- Workers employed in public utility industries shall not go on a strike as the employers in such industries shall not resort to lockouts, without giving a fourteen days’ notice and before the period of notice expires, or during the pendency of conciliation proceeding.
- Workers employed in any industrial establishment shall not go on strike during the pendency of conciliation proceeding, during the pendency of proceeding before a labour court. Tribunal a national tribunal during a period in which a settlement or award is in operation.
- If any industrial dispute exists or is planned od sensed the appropriate government may by order on writing refer the dispute to a board for promoting a settlement or refer to the court of enquiry and to a tribunal for and to a tribunal for arbitration.